ARTICLES, BOOK CHAPTERS, REPORTS AND WORKING PAPERS

“Secession and post-sovereign constitution-making after 1989: Catalonia, Kosovo, and Quebec”, International Journal of Constitutional Law (forthcoming).


“What is Transformative Constitutionalism? Johar, Proportionality, Constitutional Transitions, and Same Sex Rights in India”, in P. Dann, ed., The Global South and Comparative Constitutional Law (Oxford University Press, forthcoming).


“Introduction: Symposium on Participatory Constitution-Making”, International Journal of Constitutional Law (forthcoming) (with M. Tushnet).


Constitutional Transitions and the Security Sector: Principles for Practice (Center for Constitutional Transitions and International IDEA, forthcoming) (with S. Bisarya).


“Introduction: Leverage, Sequencing, Design, and Separation—Considerations in Security Sector Reform During Constitutional Transitions” in Z. Barany, S. Bisarya, S. Choudhry & R. Stacey, eds., Security Sector Reform and Constitutional Transitions (Oxford University Press, forthcoming) (with Z. Barany, S. Bisarya & R. Stacey).


“Security Sector Reform and Constitutional Transitions: Challenging the Consensus” in Z. Barany, S. Bisarya, S. Choudhry & R. Stacey, eds., Security Sector Reform and Constitutional Transitions (Oxford University Press, forthcoming) (with Z. Barany & K. Roach).


Security Sector Oversight: Protecting Democratic Consolidation from Authoritarian Backsliding and Partisan Abuse (Center for Constitutional Transitions and International IDEA, forthcoming) (with Z. Al-Ali & R. Stacey) (also translated into Arabic).


Territory and Power in Constitutional Transitions (Center for Constitutional Transitions, Forum of Federations, and International IDEA, 2019) (with G. Anderson).

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“Introduction” in G. Anderson & S. Choudhry, eds., Territory and Power in Constitutional Transitions (Oxford University Press, 2019) (with G. Anderson), xv-xvii.


“Territory and Power in Constitutional Transitions: Political Mobilization, Constitution-Making Process and Constitutional Design” in G. Anderson & S. Choudhry, eds., Territory and Power in Constitutional Transitions (Oxford University Press, 2019) (with G. Anderson), 374-428.


“Resisting Democratic Backsliding: An Essay on Weimar, Self-Enforcing Constitutions, and the Frankfurt School” (2018) 7 Global Constitutionalism 54-74.

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“Will democracy die in darkness? Calling autocracy by its name”, in M. Graber, S. Levinson & M. Tushnet, eds., Constitutional Democracies in Crisis? (Oxford University Press, 2018) 571-584.


Semi-presidentialism and Inclusive Governance in Ukraine: Reflections for Constitutional Reform (with T. Sedelius & J. Kyrychenko) (The Center for Constitutional Transitions, the Center of Policy and Legal Reform, and International IDEA, 2018) (also translated into Ukrainian).

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“The Canadian Constitution and the World” in N. DesRosiers, P Macklem & P. Oliver, eds., Oxford Handbook of the Canadian Constitution (Oxford University Press, 2017) 1075-1102.

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“Transnational constitutionalism and a limited doctrine of unconstitutional constitutional amendment: A reply to Rosalind Dixon and David Landau”, (2017) 15 International Journal of Constitutional Law 826-832.

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“Introduction” in S. Choudhry & T. Ginsburg, eds., Constitution Making (Edward Elgar, 2016) xiii-xix (with T. Ginsburg).


“Locating Indian Constitutionalism” in S. Choudhry, M. Khosla & P.B. Mehta, eds., Oxford Handbook of the Indian Constitution (Oxford University Press, 2016) 1-14 (with M. Khosla & P.B. Mehta).

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“Language” in S. Choudhry, M. Khosla & P.B. Mehta, eds., Oxford Handbook of the Indian Constitution (Oxford University Press, 2016) 180-195.

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Constitutional Transitions and Territorial Cleavages (with G. Anderson) (The Center for Constitutional Transitions and International IDEA, 2015).

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“How to Do Constitutional Law and Politics in South Asia” in M. Tushnet & M. Khosla, eds., Unstable Constitutionalism: Law and Politics in South Asia (Cambridge University Press, 2015) 18-44.

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“Combating Corruption: Constitutional Frameworks for the Middle East and North Africa”, The Center for Constitutional Transitions, International IDEA and United Nations Development Program Reports: Constitutional Design in the Middle East and North Africa (2015) (also translated into Arabic).

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“Decentralization in Unitary States: Constitutional Frameworks for the Arab States Region”, The Center for Constitutional Transitions, International IDEA and United Nations Development Program Reports: Constitutional Design in the Middle East and North Africa (2015) (also translated into Arabic).

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“Oil and Natural Gas: Constitutional Frameworks for the Arab States Region”, The Center for Constitutional Transitions, International IDEA and United Nations Development Program Reports: Constitutional Design in the Middle East and North Africa (2015) (also translated into Arabic).

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“Classical and Post-Conflict Federalism: Implications for Asia” in T. Ginsburg & R. Dixon, eds., Research Handbook on Comparative Constitutional Law in Asia (Edward Elgar, 2014) 163-199.

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“Constitutional Courts after the Arab Spring: Appointment mechanisms and relative judicial independence”, The Center for Constitutional Transitions at NYU Law & International IDEA Reports: Constitutional Design in the Middle East and North Africa (with K. Glenn Bass) (2014) (also translated into Arabic).

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“Still Not Equal? Visible Minority Vote Dilution in Canada” (2014) 8 Canadian Political Science Review 85-101 (with M. Pal).

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“Semi-Presidential Government in the Post-Authoritarian Context”, The Center for Constitutional Transitions Meeting the Challenges of Emerging Constitutional Democracy Working Paper Series (with R. Stacey) (2014).

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“Minority Rights in Culturally Diverse Societies”, The Center for Constitutional Transitions Meeting the Challenges of Emerging Constitutional Democracy Working Paper Series (with G. Anderson) (2014).

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“Semi-Presidentialism as Power-Sharing: Lessons for the Middle East and North Africa”, The Center for Constitutional Transitions at NYU Law & International IDEA Reports: Constitutional Design in the Middle East and North Africa (with R. Stacey) (2014) (also translated into Arabic).

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“Political Party Finance Regulation: Lessons for the Middle East and North Africa”, The Center for Constitutional Transitions at NYU Law & International IDEA Reports: Constitutional Design in the Middle East and North Africa (with K. Glenn Bass) (2014) (also translated into Arabic).

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“The Commonwealth constitutional model or models?” (2013) 11 International Journal of Constitutional Law 1094-99.

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“Proportionality: Comparative Perspectives on Israeli Debates” in G. Sapir, D. Barak-Erez & A. Barak, eds., Israeli Constitutional Law in the Making (Hart Publishing, 2013) 255-266.

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“Constitutional Review in New Democracies”, The Center for Constitutional Transitions at NYU Law & Democracy Reporting International Briefing Papers (with K. Glenn Bass) (2013).

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“Constitutional transitions in the Middle East: Introduction” (2013) 11 International Journal of Constitutional Law 611-614.

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“Semi-Presidentialism as a Form of Government: Lessons for Tunisia”, International IDEA & The Center for Constitutional Transitions at NYU Law Working Papers: Consolidating the Arab Spring – Constitutional Transition in Egypt and Tunisia (with R. Stacey) (2013).

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“Rights Adjudication in a Plurinational State: the Supreme Court of Canada, Freedom of Religion, and the Politics of Reasonable Accommodation” (2013) 50 Osgoode Hall Law Journal 575-608.

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“Living Originalism in India? ‘Our Law’ and Comparative Constitutional Law” (2013) 25 Yale Journal of Law & Humanities 1-22.

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“International Standards for the Independence of the Judiciary”, The Center for Constitutional Transitions at NYU Law & Democracy Reporting International Briefing Papers (with R. Stacey) (2013).

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“Independent or Dependent? Constitutional Courts in Divided Societies” in C. Harvey & A. Schwartz, eds., Rights in Divided Societies (Hart Publishing, 2012) 89-123 (with R. Stacey).

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“How to Do Comparative Constitutional Law in India: Naz Foundation, Same Sex Rights, and Dialogical Interpretation” in S. Khilnani, V. Raghavan & A. Thiruvengadam, eds., Comparative Constitutionalism in South Asia (Oxford University Press, 2012) 45-85.

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“The Globalization of the Canadian Constitution” in Trudeau Foundation Papers, vol. 4 (2012) 88-112.

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“Civil War, Ceasefire, Constitution: Some Preliminary Notes” (2012) 33 Cardozo Law Review 1907-21.

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“Method in Comparative Constitutional Law: A Comment on Law & Versteeg” (2012) 87 New York University Law Review 2078-87.

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“Group Rights in Comparative Constitutional Law: Culture, Economics, or Political Power?” in M. Rosenfeld & A. Sajo, eds., Oxford Handbook of Comparative Constitutional Law (Oxford University Press, 2012) 1100-1123.

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“Growing Legal Aid Ontario into the Middle Class: A Proposal for Public Legal Expenses” in M.J. Trebilcock, T. Duggan & L. Sossin, eds., Middle-Income Access to Justice (University of Toronto Press, 2011) ch. 13 (with M.J. Trebilcock & J. Wilson).

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“Federalism, Devolution & Secession: From Classical to Post-Conflict Federalism” in T. Ginsburg & R. Dixon, eds., Research Handbook on Comparative Constitutional Law (Edward Elgar Publishing, 2011) 356-384 (with N. Hume).

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“The Impact of Regionally Differentiated Entitlement to EI on Charter-Protected Canadians” (2011) (Toronto: Mowat Centre Employment Insurance Task Force) (with M. Pal).

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“Voter Equality & Other Canadian Values: Finding the Right Balance” (2011) (Toronto: Mowat Centre for Policy Innovation) (with M. Mendelsohn).

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“Constitutional Politics and Crisis in Sri Lanka” in J. Bertrand & A. Laliberté, eds., Multination States in Asia: Accommodation or Resistance (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010) 103-135.

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“Constituency Boundaries in Canada” in H. MacIvor, ed., Election (Toronto: Emond Montgomery, 2010) 87-105 (with M. Pal).

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“Mechanisms for Resolving Divisive Issues in Constitutional Negotiations” (2010) Interpeace Working Paper Series (with N. Haysom).

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“After the Rights Revolution: Bills of Rights in the Post-Conflict State” (2010) 6 Annual Review of Law and Social Science 301-322.

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“Symposium on citizenship: Foreword” (2010) 8 International Journal of Constitutional Law 6-8 (with C. Saunders).

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“Constitutional Change in the 21st Century: A New Debate over the Spending Power” (2008) 34 Queen’s L.J. 375-390 (reprinted in P. H. Russell et al., eds., Essential Readings in Canadian Government and Politics (Toronto: Emond Montgomery, 2010) 293-296.)

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“ ‘He had a mandate’: The South African Constitutional Court and the African National Congress in a Dominant Party Democracy” (2009) 2 Constitutional Court Review 1-86.

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“Managing linguistic nationalism through constitutional design: Lessons from South Asia” (2009) 7 International Journal of Constitutional Law 577-618.

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“Not a New Constitutional Court: The Canadian Charter, the Supreme Court and Quebec Nationalism” in P. Pasquino & F. Billi, eds., The Political Origins of Constitutional Courts: Italy, Germany, France, Poland, Canada, United Kingdom (Rome: Adriano Olivetti Foundation, 2009) 39-76.

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“Drafting Nepal’s Language Policy” (2009) 8:2 Federations 26-28.

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“Bills of Rights as Instruments of Nation-Building in Multinational States: the Canadian Charter and Quebec Nationalism” in J. Kelly & C. Manfredi, eds., Contested Constitutionalism: Reflections on the Charter of Rights and Freedoms (Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 2009) 233-250.

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“Bridging Comparative Politics and Comparative Constitutional Law: Constitutional Design for Divided Societies” in S. Choudhry, ed., Constitutional Design for Divided Societies: Integration or Accommodation? (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008) 3-40.

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“Ackerman’s higher lawmaking in comparative constitutional perspective: Constitutional moments as constitutional failures?” (2008) 6 International Journal of Constitutional Law 193-230.

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“Does the world need more Canada? The Politics of the Canadian Model in Constitutional Politics and Political Theory” (2007) 5 International Journal of Constitutional Law 606-638 (reprinted in S. Choudhry, ed., Constitutional Design for Divided Societies: Integration or Accommodation? (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008) 141-172).

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“Constitutionalism in divided societies” (2007) 5 International Journal of Constitutional Law 573-575.

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“Frank Iacobucci as Constitution-Maker: From the Quebec Veto Reference, to the Meech Lake Accord and the Quebec Secession Reference” (2007) 57 University of Toronto Law Journal 165-193 (with J.-F. Gaudreault-DesBiens).

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“Referendum? What Referendum?” (2007) 15:3 Literary Review of Canada 7-9.

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“Is Every Ballot Equal? Visible Minority Vote Dilution in Canada” (2007) 13 IRPP Choices 1-30 (with M. Pal).

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“Introduction: Exploring the Dilemmas of Solidarity” in Sujit Choudhry, J.-F. Gaudreault-DesBiens & L. Sossin, eds., Dilemmas of Solidarity: Rethinking Redistribution in the Canadian Federation (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2006) (with J.-F. Gaudreault-DesBiens & L. Sossin) 1-28.

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“Redistribution in the Canadian Federation: The Impact of the Cities Agenda and the New Canada” in S. Choudhry, J.-F. Gaudreault-DesBiens & L. Sossin, eds., Dilemmas of Solidarity: Redistribution in the Canadian Federation (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2006) 45-56.

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“Afterword: Solidarity as the Boldness of Modesty” in S. Choudhry, J.-F. Gaudreault-Desbiens & L. Sossin, eds., Dilemmas of Solidarity: Rethinking Redistribution in the Canadian Federation (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2006) (with J.-F. Gaudreault-DesBiens & L. Sossin) 206-216.

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“What is a Canadian?” in I. Studin, ed., What is a Canadian? (Toronto: McLelland & Stewart/Douglas Gibson Books, 2006) 117-123.

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“The Legal Architecture of Intergovernmental Transfers: A Comparative Examination” in R. Boadway & A. Shah, eds., Intergovernmental Fiscal Transfers: Principles and Practice (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2006) (with B. Perrin) 259-292.

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“Migration as a New Metaphor in Comparative Constitutional Law” in S. Choudhry, ed., The Migration of Constitutional Ideas (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006) 1-36.

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“Popular Revolution or Popular Constitutionalism? Reflections on the Constitutional Politics of Quebec Secession” in T. Kahana & R. Bauman, eds., The Least Examined Branch: The Role of Legislatures in the Constitutional State (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006) 480-98.

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“So What is The Real Legacy of Oakes? Two Decades of Proportionality Analysis under the Canadian Charter’s Section 1” (2006) 35 Supreme Court Law Review (2d) 501-535.

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The City We Want – The Government We Need: The Report of the Governing Toronto Advisory Panel (City of Toronto, 2005, 50 pp.) (with A. Buller & M. Connell).

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“Old Imperial Dilemmas and the New Nation-Building: Constitutive Constitutional Politics in Multinational Polities” (2005) 37 Connecticut Law Review 933-945.

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“The Legal Regulation of Referral Incentives: Physician Kickbacks and Physician Self-Referral under Provincial Rules of Physician Professional Misconduct” in C.M. Flood, ed., Just Medicare: What’s In, What’s Out, How We Decide (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2005) (with N.K. Choudhry & A. Brown) 261-280.

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“Specialty vs. Community Hospitals: What Role for the Law?” (2005) Health Affairs W5-361 – W5-372 (with N.K. Choudhry & T.A. Brennan).

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“The Supreme Court Appointments Process: Improved Federal-Provincial Relations vs. Democratic Renewal?” (2005) (7) Democracy and Federalism Series, Queen’s University Institute of Intergovernmental Relations.

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“Worse than Lochner?” in C.M. Flood, K. Roach & L. Sossin, eds., Access to Care, Access to Justice: The Legal Debate over Private Health Insurance in Canada (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2005) 75-100.

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“Unregulated private markets for health care in Canada? Rules of professional misconduct, kickbacks to physicians and physician self-referral in Canada” (2004) 170 Canadian Medical Association Journal 1115-18 (with N.K. Choudhry & A. Brown).

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“The Lochner era and comparative constitutionalism” (2004) 2 International Journal of Constitutional Law 1-55.

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Strengthening the Foundations: Modernizing the Canada Health Act (Discussion Paper No. 13, Royal Commission on the Future of Health Care in Canada, 2002, 46 pp.) (with C.M. Flood) (reprinted in T. McIntosh, G.P. Marchildon & P.-G. Forest, eds., The Governance of Health Care in Canada: The Romanow Papers, Volume III (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2003) 346-387).

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Review Essay of Judicial Power and the Charter: Canada and the Paradox of Liberal Constitutionalism, 2d ed. by C.P. Manfredi (2003) 1 International Journal of Constitutional Law 379-90.

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A National Framework for Infectious Disease Outbreaks in Canada: Selected Legal Issues (National Advisory Committee on SARS and Public Health, 2003, 46 pp.).


“Putting the Past Behind Us? Prospective Judicial and Legislative Constitutional Remedies” (2003) 21 Supreme Court Law Review (2d) 205-66 (with K. Roach).

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“Measuring Judicial Activism on the Supreme Court of Canada: A Comment on Newfoundland (Treasury Board) v. Newfoundland Association of Public Employees” (2003) 48 McGill Law Journal 525-562 (with C. Hunter).

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“Racial and Ethnic Profiling: Statutory Discretion, Constitutional Remedies and Democratic Accountability” (2003) 41 Osgoode Hall Law Journal 1-36 (with K. Roach).

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“Unrelated living organ donation: ULTRA needs to go” (2003) 29 Journal of Medical Ethics 169-70 (with A.S. Daar et al.).

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“Beyond the Flight from Constitutional Legalism: Rethinking the Politics of Social Policy post-Charlottetown” (2003) 12 Constitutional Forum Constitutionnel 77-83.

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“CPR for the DNR: The Role of the Limited Aggressive Therapy Order” (2003) 138 Annals of Internal Medicine 65-68 (with N.K. Choudhry & P.A. Singer).

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“Continuing the Conversation: A Reply to Manfredi and Kelly” (2004) 49 McGill Law Journal 765-778 (with C. Hunter) (a reply to C.P. Manfredi & J.B. Kelly, “Misrepresenting the Supreme Court’s Record? A Comment on Choudhry and Hunter” (2003) 49 McGill Law Journal 741-764).

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Jurisdiction and Health Care (Health Canada, 2002, 14 pp.).


“Recasting Social Canada: A Reconsideration of Federal Jurisdiction over Social Policy” (2002) 52(3) University of Toronto Law Journal 163-252.

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“Strengthening the Economic Union: the Charter and the Agreement on Internal Trade” (2002) 12 Constitutional Forum Constitutionnel 52-59.

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“National Minorities and Ethnic Immigrants: Liberalism’s Political Sociology” (2002) 10 Journal of Political Philosophy 54-78.

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“Protecting Equality in the Face of Terror: Ethnic and Racial Profiling and the Charter” in R. Daniels, P. Macklem & K. Roach, eds., The Security of Freedom: Essays on Canada’s Anti-Terrorism Bill (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2001) 163-78.

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“Collective Bargaining by Physicians: Labor Law, Antitrust, and Organized Medicine” (2001) 345 New England Journal of Medicine 1141-4 (with T.A. Brennan).

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“Citizenship and Federations: Some Preliminary Reflections” in K. Nicolaidis & R. Howse, eds., The Federal Vision: Legitimacy and Levels of Governance in the US and the EU (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001) 377-402.

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“Unwritten Constitutionalism in Canada: Where Do Things Stand?” (2001) 35 Canadian Business Law Journal 113-122.

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“Bill 11, The Canada Health Act and the Social Union: The Need for Institutions” (2000) 38 Osgoode Hall Law Journal 39-99 (reprinted in B. von Tiegerstrom & T. Caulfield, eds., Health Care Reform and the Law in Canada: Meeting the Challenge (Edmonton: University of Alberta Press, 2002) 37-84).

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“Distribution vs. Recognition: The Case of Anti-Discrimination Laws” (2000) 9 George Mason Law Review 145-178 (reprinted in C. McCrudden, ed., Anti-Discrimination Law: International Library of essays in Law and Legal Theory, 2nd Series (London: Ashgate Publishing, 2004)).

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“Constitutional Theory and the Quebec Secession Reference” (2000) 13(2) Canadian Journal of Law and Jurisprudence 143-169 (with R. Howse) (reprinted in D. Dyzenhaus & A. Ripstein, eds., Law and Morality: Readings in Legal Philosophy (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2001) 634-71).

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“Globalization in Search of Justification: Toward a Theory of Comparative Constitutional Interpretation” (1999) 74 Indiana Law Journal 819-892.

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“The Enforcement of the Canada Health Act” (1996) 41 McGill Law Journal 461-508.

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Challenging the Repeal of the Canada Assistance Plan by Bill C-76: A Case Development Report prepared for the Charter Committee on Poverty Issues (1995, 122 pp.).


“Public Opinion Regarding End of Life Decisions: Influence of Prognosis, Practice, and Process” (1995) 41(11) Social Science & Medicine 1517-21 (with P.A. Singer et al.).

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“A Review of Legal Instruments and Codes on Medical Experimentation with Children” (1994) 3 Cambridge Quarterly of Health Care Ethics 560-73.

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“Hospital policies on life-sustaining treatments and advance directives in Canada” (1994) 150 Canadian Medical Association Journal 1265-70 (with I. Rasooly et al.).

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“Public Opinion Regarding Consent to Treatment” (1993) 41 Journal of the American Geriatric Society 112-116 (with P.A. Singer & J. Armstrong).

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“Ontario’s proposed consent laws: 2. Advocacy” (1992) 146 Canadian Medical Association Journal 1165-68 (with P.A. Singer).

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“Ontario’s proposed consent laws: 2. Advocacy” (1992) 146 Canadian Medical Association Journal 1165-68 (with P.A. Singer).

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